But according to Vladimir Solovyov, general designer of RSC Energia and Russian manned systems, construction on a new Russian Orbital Service Station (ROSS) won’t begin until 2028. ROSS’s initial module could be released between 2027 and 2028.
The NEM-1 module will undergo a 1.5–2-year development phase in order to get ready for its new position as a part of ROSS. NEM-1’s initial launch plan called for it to reach the International Space Station in 2024, however that idea was eventually shelved. ROSS is anticipated to feature up to seven modules with a 2035 completion date, with the initial phase of construction consisting of four of them: the base NEM-1 module, a modified NEM, a node module, and a gateway module. Additionally, according to former Roscosmos Chief Dmitry Rogozin, ROSS would be autonomous, requiring just maintenance and the replacement of scientific equipment. He said that the RAS Space Council and the Presidium of the Scientific and Technical Council of Roscosmos met jointly to make this decision.
Russian cosmonauts would get a significantly wider view of the Earth from the new station than they do from their existing portion, according to Roskosmos. Although plans for some of the new station’s components are practically complete, other elements are still undergoing design.
According to state-run Russian media, the first stage’s launch is anticipated to occur between 2025 and 2026 and no later than 2030. They have stated that the second and final stage’s launch is scheduled for 2030–35. According to current plans, the space station would be manned twice a year for extended durations instead of being manned permanently.
The previous head of Roskosmos and hardliner Dmitry Rogozin has said that, if necessary, the new space station may have a military function. Rogozin is well known for his harsh words against the West. Cosmonauts will likely be dispatched to ROSS for just a few months each year to help Russian scientists with their research, which, according to Solovyov, will focus on cosmic ray physics, space technology, and space materials science (including nanotechnologies). They might experiment with robotics and watch the aurora.